CASE 43.—Private E. A. Chamberlain, 3d Vt.; age 27; admitted Feb. 28, 1864, with pneumonia. He was improving under treatment when, on March 15, he was seized with vomiting, fever and cough, with blood-tinged sputa​. He died on the 23d. Post-mortem examination: Left lung hepatized throughout except anterior margin of upper lobe; lower part of right lower lobe impervious, much of the remainder congested; but little pleuritic effusion; pleura in several places much inflamed, especially near the pericardium. Several ounces of limpid serum in the pericardial sac. Liver cirrhosed, atrophied, dense, mammillated, puckered.—Third Division Hospital, Alexandria, Va.