CASE 1516.—Private W. S——, 3d New York Independent Battery, aged 20 years, was wounded at Petersburg, March 25, 1865, and was admitted to Harewood Hospital, Washington, on April 2d. Surgeon R. B. Bontecou, U. S. V., reported: "Admitted April 2, 1865, suffering from a gunshot wound over the right scapula, the ball entering the deltoid muscle, injuring the head of the humerus, and making its exit near the spine. Resection of head of right humerus was performed, April 26th, through an incision about four inches long, over the deltoid muscle. At the time of the operation, the patient was very weak, and suffering from diarrhœa. An abscess had collected in the upper part of the arm, near the head of the humerus, and the parts were infiltrated with pus. The result was unfavorable, and the patient gradually sank, and died from exhaustion May 10, 1865." The operator, Dr. Bontecou, forwarded to the Museum a photograph of the patient (Card Photographs, Vol. II, p. 10), which is copied in the adjacent wood-cut (FIG. 416). It was taken soon after the operation, when a happier result was anticipated.

FIG. 416.—Incision and exit wound in a secondary decapitation of the humerus. [From a photograph.]