Title: Petition of Matilda W. Emory, 20 June 1862
Date: June 20, 1862
Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 5. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Civil War Washington ID: cww.00738
To the Commissioners under the act of Congress approved the 16th of April, 1862, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia."
Your Petitioner, Matilda W. Emory of the City of Washington, D.C by this her petition in writing, represents and states, that she is a person loyal to the United States, who, at the time of the passage of the said act of Congress, held a claim to service or labor against one female slave a person of African descent of the name of Mary Johnson for and during the life of said Mary Johnson and that by said act of Congress said Mary Johnson was discharged and freed of and from all claim of your petitioner to such service or labor; that at the time of said discharge said Mary Johnson was of the age of about 25 yrs and of the personal description following:(1) About 5 ft 7 in. in height, stout but not corpulent, complexion dark brown, face of the usual African type, no distinguishing marks or peculiarities
That your petitioner acquired her claim to the aforesaid service or labor of said female slave in manner following:(2) viz: by gift from her Father in law the late Genl. Thomas Emory of Queen Annes Cy. Maryland, in 1838.
That your petitioner's claim to the service or labor of said slave, Mary Johnson was, at the time of said discharge therefrom, of the value of $1200.00 dollars in money.(3) Said Mary Johnson is a first rate cook, washer and ironer, very industrious, faithful & good tempered, and has no bad habits whatever, & no physical defects, is strong and healthy & unusually exempt from sickness or disease of any kind, & has no moral or mental infirmities or defects of any kind, is domestic in her habits, attentive to her duties, perfectly honest, and kind and affectionate in her disposition.
Your petitioner hereby declares that she bears true and faithful allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that she has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid or comfort thereto.
And your petitioner further states and alleges, that she has not brought said Mary Johnson into the District of Columbia since the passage of said act of Congress; and that, at the time of the passage thereof, said Mary Johnson was held to service or labor therein under and by virtue of your petitioner's claim to such service or labor.
Your petitioner further states and alleges, that her said claim to the service or labor of said female slave does not originate in or by virtue of any transfer heretofore made by any person who has in any manner aided or sustained the present rebellion against the Government of the United States.
And your petitioner prays the said Commissioners to investigate and determine the validity of her said claim to the service or labor of said female slave herein above set forth; and if the same be found to be valid, that they appraise and apportion the value of said claim in money, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, in conformity to the provisions of said act of Congress.
Matilda W. Emory
[Form of the Oath for the Verification of the Petition.]
Washington County, ss.
I, Matilda W. Emory of said County & District being duly sworn, do depose and say, that all the several matters and things which are set forth and stated in the foregoing petition, as of my own knowledge, are true in substance and in fact; and that all the several other matters and things therein set forth and stated, as from the information of others, I believe to be true in substance and in fact.
Matilda W. Emory
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 19th day of June A.D. 1862
Saml Drury JP
Note (2.)-- Here state how the claim was acquired, when, from whom, and for what price or consideration; and, if held under any written evidence of title, make exhibit thereof, or refer to the public record where the same may be found.
Note (3.)-- Here state such facts, if any there be, touching the value of the petitioner's claim to the service or labor of the person, as may enhance the same, and also such facts, if any, touching the moral, mental, and bodily infirmities or defects of said person, as impair the value of the petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and conclude such statement with an averment that the petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said person which impair the value of petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and that he believes none other to exist. If the petitioner specify no such infirmity or defect, then his statement touching the value of his claim should conclude with an averment that he has no knowledge of any such infirmity or defect.