Title: Petition of Augusta McBlair, 19 May 1862
Date: May 19, 1862
Source text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 3. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Civil War Washington ID: cww.00307
To the Commissioners under the act of Congress approved the 16th of April, 1862, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia."
by this her petition in writing,
represents and states, that she is a person loyal
to the United States, who, at the time of the passage of the said act of
Congress, held a claim to service or labor against the
following servants persons of African descent of the name of
Henry King, Maria King,
Maria Williams, Nancy Syphax,
George King, and Martha King
for and during the life of said servants
and that by said act of Congress said servants
was discharged and freed of and from all claim of your petitioner to
such service or labor; that at the time of said discharge said servants were
was of the ages of years and of the personal description following:(1)
|1.||Henry King||about 5 feet 8 inches in height light brown complexion, generally healthy, black hair & eyes aged 53 years rather bald|
|2.||Maria King||about 5 feet 6 inches high Brown complexion, black hair & eyes, healthy & aged 46 years & is wife of Henry King|
|3.||Maria Williams||about 5 feet 6 inches high Brown complexion, scarred face, Black hair & eyes & healthy aged 42 years|
|4.||Nancy Syphax||about 5 feet 2 inches high, yellow complexion, black eyes & grayish black hair aged 53 years & healthy|
|5.||George King||about 5 feet 9 inches high, brown complexion, black hair & eyes & aged 19 years|
|6.||Martha King||about 4 feet high, dark complexion, 11 years old & healthy, black hair & eyes|
That your petitioner acquired her claim to the aforesaid service or labor of said servants in manner following:(2) They were left her by Mrs Tudosky her mother, in trust to Julia Tendeyck as will be seen by will of Mrs. Privy Gadsby now on record in the Probate Court in the City of Washington D.C.
That your petitioner's claim to the service or labor of said servants was, at the time of said discharge therefrom, of the value of $5,450 dollars in money.(3) Henry King is a good carpenter, brick layer & general mechanic & first-class waiter & marketman, and is valued at $1000 is sometimes rheumatic, but generally healthy; Maria King is an excellent cook & laundress & commands $8 per month. She is valued at $800. —Maria Williams is a capital cook & laundress, commands $8 per month, and is valued at $800 = Nancy Syphax, is a good nurse, house servant & laundress & is worth $800. George King is a first class waiter & dining room servant, would command $15. per month, and is worth $1500 = Martha King is a smart child, is a good waiter & worth $500—They have none of them any remarkable mental, moral or physical defects, but are bright and efficient
Your petitioner hereby declares that she bears true and faithful allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that she has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid or comfort thereto.
And your petitioner further states and alleges, that she has not brought said servants
into the District of Columbia since the passage of said
act of Congress; and that, at the time of the passage thereof, said servants were
was held to service or labor therein
under and by virtue of your petitioner's claim to such service or labor.
Your petitioner further states and alleges, that her said claim to the service or labor of said servants does not originate in or by virtue of any transfer heretofore made by any person who has in any manner aided or sustained the present rebellion against the Government of the United States.
And your petitioner prays the said Commissioners to investigate and determine the validity of her said claim to the service or labor of said servants herein above set forth; and if the same be found to be valid, that they appraise and apportion the value of said claim in money, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, in conformity to the provisions of said act of Congress.
[Form of the Oath for the Verification of the Petition.]
Washington County, ss
I, Augusta McBlair being duly sworn, do depose and say, that all the several matters and things which are set forth and stated in the foregoing petition, as of my own knowledge, are true in substance and in fact; and that all the several other matters and things therein set forth and stated, as from the information of others, I believe to be true in substance and in fact.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 14th day of May A.D. 1862
Geo C. Thomas Noty Pub
1. Here describe the person, so as to identify him or her; and if there be more than one slave, describe each one separately. [back]
2. Here state how the claim was acquired, when, from whom, and for what price or consideration; and, if held under any written evidence of title, make exhibit thereof, or refer to the public record where the same may be found. [back]
3. Here state such facts, if any there be, touching the value of the petitioner's claim to the service or labor of the person, as may enhance the same, and also such facts, if any, touching the moral, mental, and bodily infirmities or defects of said person, as impair the value of the petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and conclude such statement with an averment that the petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said person which impair the value of petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and that he believes none other to exist. If the petitioner specify no such infirmity or defect, then his statement touching the value of his claim should conclude with an averment that he has no knowledge of any such infirmity or defect. [back]