Title: Petition of Edwin Colton, 7 May 1862
Date: May 7, 1862
Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 2. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Civil War Washington ID: cww.00075
To the Commissioners under the act of Congress approved the 16th of April, 1862, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia."
Your Petitioner, Edwin Colton of Washington D.C. by this his petition in writing, represents and states, that he is a person loyal to the United States, who, at the time of the passage of the said act of Congress, held a claim to service or labor against Two certain colored persons of African descent of the name of Archey Morton and William my slaves for and during the life of said parties and that by said act of Congress said parties was discharged and freed of and from all claim of your petitioner to such service or labor; that at the time of said discharge said parties was of the age of and of the personal description following:(1)
That your petitioner acquired his claim to the aforesaid service or labor of said parties in manner following:(2)
That your petitioner's claim to the service or labor of said parties was, at the time of said discharge therefrom, of the value of Twenty five hundred dollars in money.(3) said Archey valued at fifteen hundred dollars, and the said William at one thousand dollars. The said servants are perfectly sound and of good morals and your petitioner avers that he knows of no defects or infirmities whatever and as evidence of the value of said servants to me see annexed certificates of hire.
Your petitioner hereby declares that he bears true and faithful allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that he has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid or comfort thereto.
And your petitioner further states and alleges, that he has not brought said parties into the District of Columbia since the passage of said act of Congress; and that, at the time of the passage thereof, said parties was held to service or labor therein under and by virtue of your petitioner's claim to such service or labor.
Your petitioner further states and alleges, that the said claim to the service or labor of said persons does not originate in or by virtue of any transfer heretofore made by any person who has in any manner aided or sustained the present rebellion against the Government of the United States.
And your petitioner prays the said Commissioners to investigate and determine the validity of his said claim to the service or labor of said Archey & William herein above set forth; and if the same be found to be valid, that they appraise and apportion the value of said claim in money, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, in conformity to the provisions of said act of Congress.
Received of Mr. E. Colton the sum of fifteen hundred dollars in full for the purchase of my two servants Archy Morton and boy William both yellow complexion the said two servants I warrant sound and healthy in bodies and mind and slaves for life.
J. C. Cook
On the first day of January 1863 I promise to pay to Mr. E. Colton the sum of three hundred dollars for the hire of negro man Archy Morton & boy William together with good and sufficient clothing and board (the above hire is for the present year)
J. C. Cook
[Form of the Oath for the Verification of the Petition.]
Washington County, ss.
I, Edwin Colton being duly sworn, do depose and say, that all the several matters and things which are set forth and stated in the foregoing petition, as of my own knowledge, are true in substance and in fact; and that all the several other matters and things therein set forth and stated, as from the information of others, I believe to be true in substance and in fact.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 7th day of May A.D. 1862.
Wm R. Woodward clk of Commissioners
I Respectfully submit to you the names of Mr. John Davis and Wm. J Donahue as witnesses, as to the valuation of the parties named in the within Petition.
Note (2.)-- Here state how the claim was acquired, when, from whom, and for what price or consideration; and, if held under any written evidence of title, make exhibit thereof, or refer to the public record where the same may be found.
Note (3.)-- Here state such facts, if any there be, touching the value of the petitioner's claim to the service or labor of the person, as may enhance the same, and also such facts, if any, touching the moral, mental, and bodily infirmities or defects of said person, as impair the value of the petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and conclude such statement with an averment that the petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said person which impair the value of petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and that he believes none other to exist. If the petitioner specify no such infirmity or defect, then his statement touching the value of his claim should conclude with an averment that he has no knowledge of any such infirmity or defect.