Title: Garland, James W.
Source text: Surgeon General Joseph K. Barnes, United States Army, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion. (1861–65.), Part 1, Volume 2 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1870), 113-114.
Civil War Washington ID: med.d1e7642
GARLAND, JAMES W., Corporal, Co. G, 5th Wisconsin Volunteers, aged 23 years, was wounded at the battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1st, 1864, by a fragment of shell, which grazed the top of the head, on the median line, about five and a half inches from the margin of the hair on the forehead, inflicting a severe wound of the scalp, about two inches in length by one inch in width, and contusing the cranium. He was unconscious for about ten minutes, the control of the lower extremities was lost, and sensation was impaired. Spasms and temporary partial paralysis of the upper extremities supervened. On June 6th, he was admitted to First Division Hospital at Alexandria, Virginia. On June 28th, he was transferred to McClellan Hospital, Philadelphia, and thence, on July 6th, to Turner's Lane Hospital. At the latter date, the patient suffered from severe headache, and the power of motion of the left leg was still impaired, though his general health was good. On July 20th, a small piece of bone exfoliated, and was removed. Patient was gradually regaining the use of left leg. On November 15th, the wound was reported as being healed. During the treatment, he had three paroxysms of intermittent fever. The patient was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps on March 17th, 1865. The case is reported by Surgeon Robert A. Christian, U. S. V. He was discharged from service, September 26th, 1865. In 1866, Pension Examining Surgeon J. H. Gallagher reported that he had slight paralysis of the left leg, and headache and faintness on exposure to the sun. Any excitement or study aggravated these symptoms. The examiner regarded these symptoms as likely to increase in severity.