Title: Petition of Emeline Wedge, Martha Ann Elizabeth Wedge, George Washington Wedge, and Alice Virginia Thomas, 8 September 1862
Date: September 8, 1862
Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 433, Reel 3. The original document is held in the Records of the District Courts of the United States, 1685–2004, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 21. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4314547 / MLR Number NC-2 33 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Title: Evidence Relating to the Petition of Emeline Wedge, Martha Ann Elizabeth Wedge, George Washington Wedge, and Alice Virginia Thomas, 8 September 1862
Date: December 30, 1862
Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 6. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Civil War Washington ID: cww.00984
Alexander McCormick of the District of Columbia having claim to the service or labor of the undersigned the wife and children of G. Wedge a free colored man and having refused or neglected to file in your office the statement in writing or schedule provided for in the 9th section of the Act of Congress, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in said District," approved April 16th, 1862, you will please file the annexed schedule in lieu thereof, in pursuance of the provisions of an act supplementary to said act which said last mentioned act was approved July 12th 1862. This petitioner further state that the undersigned has resided in said District
since the for many years and has resided therein since the 16th day of April 1862, by and with the consent of her said master & presents this petition in her own behalf and on behalf of her said children with & by her said husband
|Emeline Wedge||between 21 & 2||female||brown|
|Martha Ann Elizabeth Wedge||between 4 & 5||female||light|
|George Washington Wedge||between 3 & 4||male||light|
X George Wedge
X Emeline Wedge
Witness to George
Witness to Emeline
The commissioners, satisfied on the testimony of Alice Virginia Thomas, George Wedge, (colored) David Cole, Isaac Kline, Lewis Cook, James Fowler, Edwin Nevitt, John H. Owen, David Stewart (col'd) and Wm Wedge (col'd) of the truth of the written schedule, have ordered the same to be so certified to the Clerk of the Circuit Court of the Dist. of Columbia
Alexander McCormick of the District of Columbia having claim to the service or labor of the undersigned, and having refused or neglected to file in your office the statement in writing or schedule provided for in the 9th section of the Act of Congress, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in said District," approved April 16, 1862, you will please file this petition or schedule in lieu thereof, in pursuance of the provisions of an act supplementary to said act which said last mentioned act was approved July 12, 1862. This petitioner further state that the undersigned has resided in said District
since the for several years and has resided therein since the 16th day of April 1862, by and with the consent of her said master
|Alice Virginia Thomas||15||female||light|
X Alice Virginia Thomas
The commissioners, satisfied on the testimony of Emeline Wedge, George Wedge (colored) David Cole, Isaac Cline, Lewis Cook, James Fowler, Edwin Nevitt, John H. Owen, David Stewart (cold) and Wm Wedge (col'd) of the truth of the within schedule, have ordered the same to be so certified to the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia.
Wm. R. Woodward
Knows Alice Virginia Thomas, was slave of Mr. Alexr. McCormick. Alice was in the District on the 16th of April last. farm on the line but most of it is in District. Alice was sent in District by her master very frequently getting the cows, water. Cows have to be brought through part of the District to get home from pasture. Alice usually brings the cows. Mr. McCormick's dwelling house is in District and Alice has been employed there a good deal of the time. Since 16th April last, up there every morning, eats there often. Identifies the girl present as Alice.
Knows Emeline Wedge now present. was Alex McCormick's servant on 16th Apl. last. He still claims her. Living on Mr McC's farm, and working most of the time on the farm and at the house in the District
George Wedge (colored) I know Alice Virginia Thomas. She belonged to Mr Alexr McCormick. 16 April last she was living in District at Mr McCormick's house. on Sunday he took servants to his mothers and kept them there until Thursday. during which time he built a small house on Maryland side. Before that all were at
Alice has been every day in District. She gets up cows everyday and cowpen was in District and [saw?] my wife two or three times a week. My mother was very ill (two months ago) children came every day to house to see my mother. weather became bad and children staid
I have seen Alice & Virginia shelling beans at Mr McCormicks kitchen since 16th Apl. Mrs McCormick by them.
I sent to Mr McCormick by wife to let her come to see my mother and he permitted her to come
Mr McCormick being notified came and said he came because he was summoned. that he wanted nothing to do with it here. He believed the law to be unconstitutional and he was willing to bide his time. did not wish to & did not hear the testimony & withdrew.
Emeline Wedge. My child's name is Martha Ann Elizabeth. 5 years old. is in District at her fathers. is claimed as Mr McCormick's slave. Have another child named George Washington. now about 4 years old. is with his father. also claimed as the Mr McCormick's slave. Were moved, a few days before the Emancipation act passed, over the Maryland line. have been in the District frequently with their master's consent since the 16th April last.
David Cole always understood all these servants, these two girls and two little children belonged to Mr McCormick. recognize Emeline & [Alice?] & children George W. & Martha Ann Elizabeth Wedge.
For sometime past month or two at Wedges in the District near my house. before that I don't know except I heard they were on Mr McCormicks farm—farm partly in District & partly in Maryland. dwelling in District. outhouses in Md. Mr McCormick built I heard small house in Maryland
Have seen these servants in District frequently in District at Wedges. have seen them at McCormicks dwelling sometimes. Mr McCormick must have seen them at Wedges. Have seen Mr McCormick at Wedges. went I suppose to see old woman then sick now dead. never at Mr McCormicks house have seen servants [illegible] house. have seen servants carry things by my house to Wedges.
Isaac Kline. Known these servants for last 18 months as property of Mr McCormick. last summer saw woman Emeline driving some cattle asked her whose cattle and whose servant she said Mr McCormicks driving them from Mr Scaggs. Since act passed have seen her 100 times in District. never saw her at Mr McCormicks house. have seen other woman in District know where they lived—at a small house built by McCormick over District line. until month past when they were at Wedges house. their mother being sick. never hear of Mr McCormicks making any effort to get servants back.
Alex McCormick being sworn on [illegible] when I came here Thursday morning I understood that the privilege granted me by the Board was only to hear the testimony, and not to examine testimony on my own behalf.
Lewis Cook Have been living for 9 months in Maryland with Mrs Matilda Young. I was there when Mr. McCormick brought these servants there on Sunday and until Thursday—4 days when Mr McCormick removed them. I assisted Mr McCormick in mean time to build house in Maryland for servants. Mr McCormick took servants there to live & it was before act passed [knew when?]
House is some 100 yards on Maryland line farm on both sides of District & Maryland line don't know where servants worked since act passed. Have been to Mr McCormicks house but once. Servants were in the house in Maryland. I passed house and saw one of servants. Farm 1/2 on each side of farm, line goes through line. house on District side. most of farm I think is in District. Wedge I know by sight. think he lives in Maryland—southwest of McCormick's
James Fowler. I do not know how long during summer [illegible] for Mr McCormick. [illegible]all [illegible] [of farm?]. In August they were at work in District but not by Mr McCormick's order cleaning hogs. Mr McCormick was not at home. I never knew Mr McCormick to require work of them in District. Mr & Mrs McCormick assisted me in gathering [illegible] never saw Mr. McCormick require work
Barrell from which hogs were watered was in Maryland water was carried from that barrel to hog pen by Ned Nevitt & Mr McCormick
I don't know how often he has talked with me about this matter. I don't know that he ever [illegible] with me He told me last Saturday evening that he wanted me to be [illegible]
[By Com.?] I was neighbor of Mr McCormick. Sometimes I staid at Mr C & sometimes at home. I was marketting for him. One day I was cleaning hogs and I asked servants to help me and they did. Servants worked part of crop on Maryland side. he hired persons to work on District line. They did not come over to help me at marketting. I have seen them over District line. Dont know that Mr McCormmick ever saw them. have seen them about house. I was not [overseer?]. [illegible]. Have seen the youngest drive cattle around. don't know whether they drove over District line. (Mr McCormick admits cow pen in District.) Did not see him drive cows in District side. Mrs McCormick [illegible] Know Wedge lives on father's place. Have seen these servants at Wedges. don't know they lived there. Saw one there when mother of girls [died?] George Wedge lived there with his father and Mary the mother. often seen house which Mr McCormick built were there every day. [went?] up at night to Wedges— went there to sit up with Wedges mother. Cant say that Mr McCormack knew it dont know that Mr McCormick went to Wedges. Mrs. McCormick was there on account of the mothers illness
I [illegible] the house, with Mr McCormick. I never heard Mr McCormick talk about it. They [illegible]. I [illegible] him in the house. [Stove?] in there. bed in there. bed downstairs. sometimes fire there. one of girls made fire—farm house. I did not see children there.
I am well acquainted with George Wedges character for truth & veracity. would not believe much in what he says.
Edwin Nevitt. Have been living with Mr McCormick about 3 months. gathering corn crops. servants never called to help on District side. When mr McCormick was about I called on girl to help but [illegible] master would not allow her [to aid?].
Barrel was put on Maryland side. They filled barrel with water from spring. I carried [illegible] barrel was 20 or 30 yards from line. (2 or 3 yards [illegible]) When cows were brought up by girls to swamp & I [illegible]
he never saw girls [illegible] cows to cowpen have seen them go after cows. [illegible] [would be?] in cowpen. I have [put up cows myself.?] I never saw girls go to the cowpen.
I know George Wedge. I do not know that he has any character for veracity. His character for veracity very bad. Would not believe him on his oath.
Girls pulled corn. helped me to load up. on Maryland side. never knew Mr McCormick to set them to work on District side. but have on Maryland side. never send them on errands. Cows driven from cowpen to Maryland line so that girl could take charge of them.
[By Com.?] Have seen girls at Mr C. house. never seen them there when McCorrmick was there unless they came for something they wanted—not often. Mrs Mc gave them what they wanted—not every day. [sometimes their?] cattle on Maryland side. had [got to much?] cattle to help them from cowfield which was on Maryland never saw cattle in cowfield in District unless they got out of cowpen [when?] Mr McCormmick
When Wedges mother was sick girls went up [there?] & since she died I do not know they lived at the house in Maryland at night. heard McCormick say [illegible] Wedges house would have [illegible][it up?] before Wedges mother was sick [illegible] night. they left there last Tuesday night. but he [illegible] it up. never saw them [illegible] McCormicks house or in the District
Emeline. while children were [Wedges?][illegible] called on [illegible] them home. I said sometimes Geo would bring them home.
Decr 30, Tuesday. John H. Owen (produced by Mr McCormick. i went to live with Mr McCormick 12 May and [lived?] until 23 August. While living with Mr McCormick I never knew Mr McC to allow the servants to come into Maryland. They never came in District line [except?] of their own accord and it was against Mr McCormicks order. When [illegible] they [illegible]Maryland side. When they came to about line Mr McCormick would stop them and tell them to go no further.
Threshing yard near stable on District. never saw during this year [either?] of girls threshing at that yard. There was a threshing yard cleared off for them near quarter in Maryland. Mr. McC. cleared off yard for them. I hauled rye for them to quarter. I never knew them to be required or allowed to work at house or drive cows or [work there?] I never knew them to do so except of their own accord. I have heard Mr McC order children away from the house I never knew them to work the sweet potato crop near [quarter?] worked by Mr McC & myself. Cowpen 100 or 150 [yards?] from line. Sally King attended cows when I was living there. Ms King got cows up generally. I never knew Mr McC to get them up. I have got them up. I have known cows to go up of own accord. Would go up of their own accord when driven in neighborhood of cowpen. Most of crop was on District side was not work enough on Maryland side for the girls. They were a good deal of time [illegible] at quarter while we were at work. I never knew of them being ordered or [desired?] to do anything on District side.
I lived with Mr Mc 2 1/2 months commenced in May. Do not live there now. I never saw Mr McCormick with the children. I saw them at the house very often. nearly every day. have seen girls gathering beans. never saw them bring to house. never saw them bring chips to house. but have to quarter. never saw girls water hogs. Sally King watered them. never saw girls drive cows. have seen Lou on District side, but of her own accord. never saw her drive cows. sometimes I was not there. off & on was not there Sundays. Sally King colored [girl living?] at Mr C. attended cows. & drove them up I did [illegible]
[By Com.?] I was hired by month. had no charge or control over them. Sometimes when I was in [meadow?] I have told them to do some things, but it was in Maryland. I never told them to do anything in District. I live 2 miles from Mr Mc. Food was taken to quarter to them. Once or twice I saw them go to house for it.
Mr McCormick said he wanted me to come. he will pay me for coming. my days work cutting wood. I never said he was to pay me $10. for coming. My brother in law said he would not
I saw Wedges wife good many times in District. appeared to be going from Mr McC to Wedges, have seen her carry things, [budgets?] in baskets.
I have seen her sister oftener. hundreds of times if not more. Has been common to see her for some times past. Have seen the sister (Lou) carrying things to and from. once with basket of apples towards Mr McCormicks. I took an apple & asked her where she got them said at Mrs [Louisa?] 1/2 mile within District line. Think she saw her drive cows once. Mr McCormicks cattle. no farm on District line. I have frequently seen children at Wedges house never saw them taking any thing. While Wedges mother was sick I saw them there. once I called there. Mrs McCormick was there. children were there bringing in chips. Wedges is 1/4 mile from McCormicks never saw the women doing any thing else besides driving cows, except carrying things to Wedges. I have heared Wedge say he had [carried any?] thing to sell [to market?]. I do not know.
I cannot say that Wedges mother was complaining all season. heard she was poorly & failing. I cannot say that the things were carried by Mr McCormicks order or desire. I do not know whether they were for Mr McCormick or not.
I do not know how often I have seen the woman in District since 16 April. frequently especially Wedges wife seen Wedges wife 100 times passing my house. I live in District. Wedges on our beat I am on it every day.
I saw Wedges wife (did not know then that she was Wedges wife or McCormicks servant) last of April or first of May driving cattle. asked her whose they were, said they were Mr McCormick's driving them from Mr [Scaggs. mile & more in?] District. never seen cattle since to know them. [driving?] towards Mr Scaggs
David Stewart (col'd) live in District with Mr Cole. I have seen Wedges wife & her sister for a month past passing my house day & night. first one & then other both together at night. I never saw them drive cows. Wife sister said she was carrying beans for George to carry to market for Mrs McCormick. I saw the beans in bean time. left them at Wedges. Wedge carried them to market. Seen children often at Wedges house once at my house [month at outside that they?] have been staying at Wedges. I saw her hulling walnuts once. I did not know whether it was on Maryland or District line. near house near bean patch. north of house. have been at Mr McCormicks house never saw women or children there.
[illegible] came along & helped me to carry beans to my house. Don't know who told her to help. I think Mrs McCormick ought to have known it once [Lina?] my wife brought up basket of beans to my house from Mrs McCormick. which I had forgotten [twas?] early one morning. My wife's sister has [been every?] night for last 6 weeks. come at night and leave in morning. Mrs McCormick would come in. All summer wife & her sister came frequently sometimes Mr McCormick was at home when I went there. sometimes not. I lived with Mr McCormick 6 years & 2 mos.
She brought up the beans. she said George you [came?] away and forgot beans and Mrs McCormick told me to bring them to you. Sometimes Mrs Mc got up early.
Lina. children have for last month or two been up at George Wedges. My sister and myself were up there Mrs McCormick was not there but once when I was there. She came to make [illegible]. Mrs McCormick after old lady died, told me to bring children home several times
William Wedge. I live in District. [round the road short?] 3/4 of a mile further of George Wedge. Little children have been to my house for two months. Wedges wife & sister have been at my house every night since children have been there. go back in morning. I have seen Lou driving cattle. have seen her at the marsh and at cowpen. Cant say marsh is in District have seen her drive cows to cowpen. Cant say how often, but frequently. have never seen her drive them out of cowpen. Can't say whether bars or not. it is not [gated?] have seen her put up bars when the cows went in.
The undersigned, from whom certain of his Slaves absconded from the State of Maryland, & who have applied to your Commission under the Supplemental Act to the Act of 16th April 1862, & by your decision considered as entitled to its benefits, respectfully Protests against the effect & correctness of said decision, & begs leave to have this his Protest filed with the Papers of the case & Commission.
Alex. McCormick WashingtonDecember 30 1862.