Title: Petition of Leah L. G. Wilson, 28 June 1862

Date: June 28, 1862

Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 5. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).

Civil War Washington ID: cww.00783

TEI/XML: cww.00783.xml



To the Commissioners under the act of Congress approved the 16th of April, 1862, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia."

Your Petitioner, Leah L. Wilson of Washington D. C. by this her petition in writing, represents and states, that she is a person loyal to the United States, who, at the time of the passage of the said act of Congress, held a claim to service or labor against the following nine persons of African descent of the name of James; Lowder; Daniel; Wm Henry; Preston Brown; Ibbey; Rachel; Sabra; Sarah; and also held jointly with her sister, M. G. Wilson, a claim to service or labor against Horace and Mady and Littleton for and during the life of said persons and that by said act of Congress said persons were discharged and freed of and from all claim of your petitioner to such service or labor; that at the time of said discharge said persons were of or about the age of 40; 33 or 34; 31 or 32; near 6; perhaps 70; 23; and of the personal description following:(1)

  • James, brown colour​, tall robust, aged about 40 years
  • Lowder, dark, medium height, robust, age about 33 or 34
  • Daniel, very dark; tall, aged about 31 or 32
  • Wm Henry—brown colour​ near 6 years
  • Preston Brown, black; tall, supposed age about 70 years
  • Abbey, very bright mulatto, tall, large, well-formed and good looking aged 23
  • Rachel, dark, medium height, age about 34 or 35
  • Sabra, brown color, age 2 years 9 months
  • Sarah, brown color, aged 14 months
  • Horace, dark, tall, slender, a bend in one leg age about 38
  • Mady, mulatto, tall, large, age about 62 years
  • Littleton, square built age about 62
half owner of Horace & Mady and Littleton


That your petitioner acquired her claim to the aforesaid service or labor of said persons in manner following:(2) To James, Daniel, Preston Brown, Rachel by title derived from her mother's will; to Wm Henry, Sabra, and Sarah by birth; to Ibbey and Lowder by title derived from her sister Margaret's will; to half ownership of Horace by title derived partly from her mother's and sisters wills and partly by purchase from her brother. To half ownership of Mady from her sister's will—

That your petitioner's claim to the service or labor of said [no handwritten text supplied here] was, at the time of said discharge therefrom, of the value of [no handwritten text supplied here] dollars in money.(3) James, value $1200; a good laborer, though formerly intemperate, his wages being since his emancipation $1.25 per day Lowder, value $1500, as he is very temperate, and an excellent laborer. His wages last month $1.25 per day Daniel value $1500, a good laborer, wages having been at the time of emancipation $20 per month—Preston Brown value $80, infirm and diseased in his leg but useful for his years. Ibbey value $1,000 very valuable. Rachel, assessed value last year $550. Wm Henry value $250 Sabra value $100, Sarah value $80, Horace value $1000, Mady $50, half owner of these 3 three last Littleton $50 value lost his work in Dec, but since veen in this neighborhood Mady rheumatic & infirm Horace has a bend in his leg—

Your petitioner hereby declares that she bears true and faithful allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that she has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid or comfort thereto.

And your petitioner further states and alleges, that she has not brought said persons into the District of Columbia since the passage of said act of Congress; and that, at the time of the passage thereof, said persons was held to service or labor therein under and by virtue of your petitioner's claim to such service or labor.

Your petitioner further states and alleges, that her said claim to the service or labor of said persons does not originate in or by virtue of any transfer heretofore made by any person who has in any manner aided or sustained the present rebellion against the Government of the United States.

And your petitioner prays the said Commissioners to investigate and determine the validity of her said claim to the service or labor of said persons herein above set forth; and if the same be found to be valid, that they appraise and apportion the value of said claim in money, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, in conformity to the provisions of said act of Congress.

(Signed by)
Your Petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said persons which impair the value of Petitioner's claim to such service or labor and she believes none other to exist
Leah L. G Wilson

Received of Leah L. G. Wilson Mary G. Wilson & Margaret E. G. Wilson the Sum of one hundred and fifty dollars in full for my interest in negro boy Horace

Sam. L. Wilson
The Will
Margt. E. G. Wilson
Will of Leah G. Wilson is recorded in Will Book E. N. R. No 1 Page 20
paid 75 cts

This is the last will and Testament of me Margaret Eleanor Gale Wilson of the City of Washington and District of Columbia.

I give and bequeath to my two sisters and their heirs and assigns all my estate both real and personal of every discription​ whenever situated and I hereby constitute my two said sisters Mary G. Wilson and Leah L. G. Wilson sole executors of this my last will. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this twenty fifth day of January 1841.

Margaret E. G. Wilson seal

Signed, sealed and delivered by Margaret E. G. Wilson as her last will and testament in presence of us who have subscribed our names as witnesses in her presence, and in presence of each other.

W. H. Campbell
Warren C. Choate
Richard Ela

This day appeared William H. Campbell & Richard Ela, two of the subscribing witnesses to the aforegoing last will & testament of Margaret E. G. Wilson late of Washington County aforesaid, deceased, and severally made oath on the Holy Evangels of almighty God, that they did see the Testatrix therein named sign & seal this will, that she published pronounced & declared the same to be her last will & testament, that at the time of so doing she was to the best of their apprehensions of sound, & disposing mind, memory & understanding. & that they together with Warren C. Choate the other subscribing witness, respectively subscribed their names as witnesses, to   to this will; in the presence & at the request of the Testatrix, & in the presence of each other—

Ed. N. Roach Rg​ Wills
True Copy
Ed. N. Roach Rg​ Wills

[Form of the Oath for the Verification of the Petition.]

I, [no handwritten text supplied here] being duly sworn, do depose and say, that all the several matters and things which are set forth and stated in the foregoing petition, as of my own knowledge, are true in substance and in fact; and that all the several other matters and things therein set forth and stated, as from the information of others, I believe to be true in substance and in fact.

(Signed by)
Leah L. G. Wilson

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 28 day of June A. D. 1862.

(Signed by)
Wm R. Woodward clk
Leah L. G. Wilson
Filed June 28, 1862

 Note (1.)-- Here describe the person, so as to identify him or her; and if there be more than one slave, describe each one separately.

 Note (2.)-- Here state how the claim was acquired, when, from whom, and for what price or consideration; and, if held under any written evidence of title, make exhibit thereof, or refer to the public record where the same may be found.

 Note (3.)-- Here state such facts, if any there be, touching the value of the petitioner's claim to the service or labor of the person, as may enhance the same, and also such facts, if any, touching the moral, mental, and bodily infirmities or defects of said person, as impair the value of the petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and conclude such statement with an averment that the petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said person which impair the value of petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and that he believes none other to exist. If the petitioner specify no such infirmity or defect, then his statement touching the value of his claim should conclude with an averment that he has no knowledge of any such infirmity or defect.

Transcription and encoding: Janel Cayer, Nima Najafi Kianfar, and Kenneth M. Price.