Title: Petition of Philip A. Cawood and Sarah E. Cawood, 14 May 1862
Date: May 14, 1862
Source Text: A microfilm reproduction of the original document held at the National Archives and Records Administration, Microcopy 520, Reel 2. The original document is held in the Records of the Accounting Officers of the Department of the Treasury, 1775–1978, National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 217.6.5. Within the National Archives' Archival Description Catalog, see ARC Identifier 4644616 / MLR Number A1 347 (http://arcweb.archives.gov).
Civil War Washington ID: cww.00200
To the Commissioners under the act of Congress approved the 16th of April, 1862, entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia."
Your Petitioner, Philip A. Cawood of Washington City DC by this his petition in writing, represents and states, that he is a person loyal to the United States, who, at the time of the passage of the said act of Congress, held a claim to service or labor against Fanny Isabella Bowman person of African descent of the name of Fanny Isabella Bowman for and during the life of said Fanny Isabella Bowman and that by said act of Congress said Fanny Isabella Bowman is discharged and freed of and from all claim of your petitioner to such service or labor; that at the time of said discharge said Fanny Isabella Bowman was of the age of Thirteen years and of the personal description following:(1) She is of dark color four feet eight inches high rather slender smart active girl, a good cook washer and Ironer and valuable as a house servant she is without any defect or infirmity or anything that would impair her value being sound mentally and bodily there is nothing known to this petitioner which would impair her value As farther evidence of her value he would state that about one year ago he was offered one thousand dollars in cash by Mr. Mattingly of Charles County Maryland which he refused
That your petitioner acquired his claim to the aforesaid service or labor of said Fanny Isabella Bowman in manner following:(2) That the said Fanny Isabella Bowman was left to his wife Sarah E. Cawood by the will of Sarah Green her mother which is of record in the Orphan's Court for the District of Columbia County of Washington
That your petitioner's claim to the service or labor of said Fanny Isabella Bowman was, at the time of said discharge therefrom, of the value of one thousand dollars in money.(3)She being a family servant; was of great value to your petitioner, and he could have easily sold her for the said sum to the said Mattingly and perhaps other persons, and he believes no infirmity or defect existed to impair her value she being perfectly sound and healthy
Your petitioner hereby declares that he bears true and faithful allegiance to the Government of the United States, and that he has not borne arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given aid or comfort thereto.
And your petitioner further states and alleges, that he has not brought said Fanny Isabella Bowman into the District of Columbia since the passage of said act of Congress; and that, at the time of the passage thereof, said F I Bowman was held to service or labor therein under and by virtue of your petitioner's claim to such service or labor.
Your petitioner further states and alleges, that his said claim to the service or labor of said F I Bowman does not originate in or by virtue of any transfer heretofore made by any person who has in any manner aided or sustained the present rebellion against the Government of the United States.
And your petitioner prays the said Commissioners to investigate and determine the validity of his said claim to the service or labor of said Fanny Isabella Bowman herein above set forth; and if the same be found to be valid, that they appraise and apportion the value of said claim in money, and report the same to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, in conformity to the provisions of said act of Congress.
Philip A. Cawood
Sarah E Cawood
[Form of the Oath for the Verification of the Petition.]
Washington County, ss.
I, Philip A Cawood & Sarah E Cawood being duly sworn, do depose and say, that all the several matters and things which are set forth and stated in the foregoing petition, as of my own knowledge, are true in substance and in fact; and that all the several other matters and things therein set forth and stated, as from the information of others, I believe to be true in substance and in fact.
Sarah E Cawood
Philip A. Cawood
Sworn to and subscribed before me this [tenth?] day of May A. D. 1862.
Thomas C. Donn
Justice of the Peace for Washington County District of Columbia
Philip A Cawood
Sarah E Cawood
Atty for Petitioners
Note (2.)-- Here state how the claim was acquired, when, from whom, and for what price or consideration; and, if held under any written evidence of title, make exhibit thereof, or refer to the public record where the same may be found.
Note (3.)-- Here state such facts, if any there be, touching the value of the petitioner's claim to the service or labor of the person, as may enhance the same, and also such facts, if any, touching the moral, mental, and bodily infirmities or defects of said person, as impair the value of the petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and conclude such statement with an averment that the petitioner knows of no other infirmities or defects of said person which impair the value of petitioner's claim to such service or labor, and that he believes none other to exist. If the petitioner specify no such infirmity or defect, then his statement touching the value of his claim should conclude with an averment that he has no knowledge of any such infirmity or defect.